Counselling program for young sex offenders
Reorientation is the final stage of this program. Insight gained in the third stage is transformed into action. Coping skills are practiced to interrupt offense cycles. Aspects of individual psychology can be seen throughout Carich et al's proposed treatment program. The importance of relationship has been described by Drapeau , in which the client views the relationship with the therapist as more beneficial than treatment techniques, and positive relationships influence treatment outcome.
The therapist and client try to identify lifestyle and personality characteristics that led to sexual offenses in the second stage of treatment. This stage can be conceptualized as gaining insight into the client's style of life. Stages three and four both seem to differ from confrontational approaches in treating sex offenders. Confrontation often put the client and therapist at odds, rather than viewing them as involved in a collaborative effort to understand the client Garrett, et. The fourth stage requires the client to take responsibility for making behavioral changes.
The power to change is placed in the hands of the client, rather than the therapist, correctional officers, or law enforcement officials. Jennings and Sawyer discuss principles and techniques that maximize the effectiveness of group therapy with sex offenders.
The authors recommend using the social environment of the group and encourage interaction between group members. These suggestions can be put in terms of individual psychology. Social interest can be seen in Jennings and Sawyer's work by the focus on interactions between clients, emphasizing shared experiences, and by using group language to draw attention to the members of the group. Issues of inferiority and superiority are also present in suggestions made by Jennings and Sawyer.
First, confrontation is recommended to be made with acceptance and without humiliation, and preferably by another group member rather than the therapist. This intervention prevents the individual receiving the feedback from feeling powerless or less capable. Skill deficits and negative behaviors are also suggested to be reframed without invoking shame. Face saving techniques and reframing hyper-masculine displays of power are also suggested for the purpose of allowing the individuals to express feelings and interact with the group without losing a sense of power or mastery.
All of these concepts speak to the individual psychology notion of striving for power and acting out to gain power when feeling inferior Mosak, Traditional treatment of sex offenders has been based on cognitive behavioral therapy models and has used confrontation to reach clinical goals Carich et al. Individual psychology is similar to cognitive behavioral therapy in that it investigates the relationship between beliefs and emotions, but differs due to the emphasis on social interest, style of life, responsibility, the strive for power, and the importance of relationship Mosak, This paper has reviewed recent articles pertaining to group therapy with sex offenders and has highlighted examples of how approaches based on individual psychology have yielded positive results in therapy.
The collective findings of these articles make suggestions for modifications in sex offender group therapy. Second, confrontation should be used in a respectful manner that does not increase feelings of inferiority and powerlessness in the client.
Finally, therapists working with sex offenders would benefit from examining their own beliefs and assumptions about their clients and feelings of hostility, disgust, or anger towards them. Future research is needed to compare sex offender treatment groups that use holistic and relational approaches to those groups that rely on manuals to guide treatment.
Most articles discussing individual psychology or holistic approaches have been theoretical in nature. Those studies that do collect data have failed to include control groups.
Counseling sex offenders and the importance of counselor self-care
Finally, the field of sex offender treatment would likely benefit from ongoing discussions regarding the integration of various theoretical perspectives into sex offender treatment. While certain techniques may not be productive for working with sex offenders and specialization for a population would be beneficial, these steps can also limit the therapy delivered to these clients by narrowing treatment options and various views on treatment. This statement also applies to the use of a singe theory and interventions in sex offender treatment.
Limiting sex offender treatment to a narrow set of procedures and eliminating alternative perspectives on these clients may prohibit the use of therapeutic interventions and hinder the counselors understanding of clients and their needs. Every theory offers a unique perspective to understanding human behavior and contributes unique implications for helping clients change Corey, Beck, A.
- Sex offender therapy: A battle on multiple fronts.
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Cognitive Therapy. In Corsini, R. Beech, A. Relationship between therapeutic climate and treatment outcome in group-based sexual offender treatment programs.
Carich, M. Sexual offenders and contemporary treatments. The Journal of Individual Psychology, 57 , Corey, G. Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy 6 th ed. Drapeau, M. Research on the processes involved in treating sexual offenders. Earle, R. Systemic approach to the treatment of sex offenders. Frankl, V. The will to meaning: Foundations and applications of logotherapy. New York : Penguin Group. Garrett, T. Who cares? The views of sexual offenders about the group treatment they receive.
Jennings , J. Principle techniques for maximizing the effectiveness of group therapy with sex offenders. Jensen, S. Why license sex offender treatment providers? Our model includes not only the traditional three elements of Supervision, Treatment and Polygraph, but a fourth equally important element: the Victim Advocate. We are proactive in integrating stakeholders into the containment process by assigning an area coordinator to accomplish that goal in each geographic area.
Our clinicians are experts in this field and have learned how to support parole and probation in their supervision and decision-making regarding the high-risk sex offenders in the community. As an agency we have made a substantial investment in educating our clinical professionals and providing them with ongoing training and weekly supervision.
This proactive approach to training and supervising our staff helps to eliminate the biases clinicians naturally develop while working closely with individual offenders. CPC has enjoyed tremendous growth in our programs due to the comprehensiveness and quality of our treatment program and offender management services and our ability to provide them at a price that makes them accessible to the agencies and offenders that need them.
An exciting phenomenon for us is that our programs have not only grown geographically but they have grown vertically. That means that we can treat the same offender clientele through different layers of the criminal justice system. We have programs in state and county correctional institutions which flow into transitional programming and on into community-based management and treatment.
Sex offender therapy: A battle on multiple fronts - Counseling Today
Each additional layer in the vertical system improves the safety outcome. We have created programs in numerous un-served and underserved communities interested in developing comprehensive treatment programs; attracting and training new sex offender clinical specialists. The cornerstone of these programs is our adult outpatient groups.
These are funded by government contracts, Medicaid, private insurance and self-pay. CPC is also a contracted treatment provider in many areas, developing programs for Parole, Probation and Correction departments in several states and vendoring with other agencies responsible for managing sex offenders in their communities. There is hope and there is help! People can and do learn to change behavior with specialized treatment. It is extremely difficult, however, and often impossible to change these behaviors successfully without the help and support of a professional who is experienced with sex abuse-specific treatment.
Changing established patterns of abuse is hardly ever a self-help program. There are treatment programs nationwide that help people change their abusive behaviors and learn how to live safe and healthy lives. In fact, contrary to popular belief, there is a growing body of scientific evidence that sexual offender treatment reduces the risk for future abusive behavior. And when interventions are offered to adolescents and youth with sexual behavior problems, the likelihood of further abusive behavior can be dramatically reduced, or even eliminated.
Specialized treatment concentrates on effective behavior management to ensure safety for the individual and for the community. Participants address personal accountability, relapse prevention, and possible aid to victims. Some treatment programs offer an approach to rehabilitation which takes into account the existing strengths and resources of each participant. Ideally those who have offended can learn to replace the harmful ways in which they have met their needs in the past, with safer ways to meet these needs in the future.
Someone can make an appointment for treatment if they have sexually harmed someone else, or if they believe they are at risk to do so.
Adolescent sexual offenders “an overview
Treatment is available for male and female adults and juveniles. Treatment is typically offered separately for males and females. There are also specialized therapies for children with sexual behavior problems.
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Typically the approaches to treatment for adolescents and younger children differ from those used with adults. Often treatment providers or specialized therapists will first do an individual evaluation to help determine the usefulness of treatment and the most effective approaches to use. This is a time when you can also ask questions. Programs are often in community-based mental health programs or agencies and generally require sessions on a weekly basis in a group setting and are facilitated by a trained professional.
In treatment you will learn strategies, develop skills and get peer and professional support to manage thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are potentially harmful. There are often ground rules and agreements that all participants must follow in order to remain a member of the group. Many people are court ordered to sexual offender treatment but others may choose to go on their own. The duration of the program varies depending on the progress the person in treatment makes.